Belgium: Council of Ministers: 1865

The following dates correspond to the period when an office holder was a member of the Council of Ministers, collectively exercising the duties of Head of State in accordance with a Constitutional provision; dates of office for each individual are different.
10 Dec 1865 - 17 Dec 1865 Charles Latour Rogier (x) [1]
10 Dec 1865 - 17 Dec 1865 Jules Marcel Lamoral Bara
10 Dec 1865 - 17 Dec 1865 Hubert-Joseph-Walthère Frère-Orban
10 Dec 1865 - 17 Dec 1865 Alphonse-Louis-François-Xavier Vandenpeereboom
10 Dec 1865 - 17 Dec 1865 Pierre-Emmanuel-Félix, baron Chazal
10 Dec 1865 - 17 Dec 1865 Jules-Edmond Vanderstichelen
History:

The Constitution of Belgium of 1831, Art. 79 (numbering changed to Art. 90 as of 1994), authorized the Council of Ministers or, more precisely, the ministers in Council to exercise the royal authority during the period when the throne remains vacant or when a monarch is incapable to exercise the same functions. The royal decree of 22 Jul 1831 was amended to change the formula for promulgation of legislation in the periods of interregna ("Au nom du Peuple belge, Nous, ministres réunis en Conseil...", decree of 10 Dec 1865 published in Moniteur belge, No. 345, 1865).

The vacancy normally occurs upon the demise of the throne by death and lasts until the swearing-in of his successor; original text of Art. 79 (90) in French and Dutch reads:

[French] A dater de la mort du Roi et jusqu'à la prestation du serment de son successeur au trône ou du régent, les pouvoirs constitutionnels du Roi sont exercés, au nom du peuple belge, par les ministres réunis en conseil, et sous leur responsabilité.
[Dutch] Te rekenen van het overlijden van de Koning en tot de eedaflegging van zijn troonopvolger of van de Regent, wordt de grondwettelijke macht van de Koning in naam van het Belgische volk uitgeoefend door de in raad verenigde ministers en onder hun verantwoordelijkheid.

[1] Informally referred to as Président du Conseil des ministres = Voorzitter van de Ministerraad.
Last updated on: 22 Apr 2013 11:25:35