Belgium: Heads of State: 1830-2016

Royal House: De Belgique = Van België (formerly Saxe-Cobourg et -Gotha = Saksen-Coburg en -Gotha); baptismal and civil birth names of the kings and regents are presumed to have been originally recorded in French and appear in parentheses following the regnal name(s); Dutch forms of the regnal names are given for the period after 1898 when it is different from French names.
Gouvernement provisoire de la Belgique
4 Oct 1830 - 25 Feb 1831 membership
Régent de la Belgique
25 Feb 1831 - 21 Jul 1831 Érasme-Louis, baron Surlet de Chokier
Roi des Belges
21 Jul 1831 - 10 Dec 1865 Léopold Ier (Léopold-Georges-Chrétien-Frédéric)
Ministres réunis en Conseil (ex officio)
10 Dec 1865 - 17 Dec 1865 membership
Roi des Belges = (from 25 May 1898) Koning der Belgen
17 Dec 1865 - 17 Dec 1909 Léopold II (Léopold-Louis-Philippe-Marie-Victor) [1][2]
Ministres réunis en Conseil = Ministers in Raad vergaderd (ex officio)
17 Dec 1909 - 23 Dec 1909 membership
Roi des Belges = Koning der Belgen
23 Dec 1909 - 17 Feb 1934 Albert (Albert-Léopold-Clément-Marie-Meinrad) [3]
Ministres réunis en Conseil = Ministers in Raad vergaderd (ex officio)
17 Feb 1934 - 23 Feb 1934 membership
Roi des Belges = Koning der Belgen
23 Feb 1934 - 16 Jul 1951 Léopold III = Leopold III (Léopold-Philippe-Charles-Albert-Meinrad-Hubert-Marie-Miguel) [4]
Ministres réunis en Conseil = Ministers in Raad vergaderd (ex officio)
16 Jul 1951 - 17 Jul 1951 membership
Roi des Belges = Koning der Belgen [5]
17 Jul 1951 - 31 Jul 1993 Baudouin = Boudewijn (Baudouin-Albert-Charles-Léopold-Axel-Marie-Gustave) (x)
Ministres réunis en Conseil = Ministers in Raad vergaderd (ex officio)
31 Jul 1993 - 9 Aug 1993 membership
Roi des Belges = Koning der Belgen [5]
9 Aug 1993 - 21 Jul 2013 Albert II (Albert-Félix-Humbert-Théodore-Christian-Eugène-Marie)
Ministres réunis en Conseil = Ministers in Raad vergaderd (ex officio)
21 Jul 2013 - 21 Jul 2013 membership
Roi des Belges = Koning der Belgen [5]
21 Jul 2013 - Philippe = Filip (Philippe-Léopold-Louis-Marie)

[1] Regnal name in the executory formula in French and Dutch was fixed by the law of 18 Apr 1898 (effective from 25 May 1898) as "Léopold II". In Dutch documents, it was normally substituted with "Leopold II".
[2] Also in Congo (Kinshasa)
[3] Regnal names in the executory formula were fixed by a royal order of 23 Dec 1909 as "Albert" (French) and "Albrecht" (Dutch). The name in Dutch was changed to "Albert" by a royal decree of 28 Dec 1909.
[4] Régent du Royaume = Regent van het Koninkrijk (exercising royal functions)
20 Sep 1944 - 20 Jul 1950 Charles = Karel (Charles-Théodore-Henri-Antoine-Meinrad), comte de Flandre, prince de Belgique = graaf van Vlaanderen, prins van België
Prince Royal, exerçant les pouvoirs constitutionnels du Roi = Koninklijke Prins, die de grondwettelijke macht van de Koning uitoefent (exercising royal functions)
11 Aug 1950 - 16 Jul 1951 Baudouin = Boudewijn (Baudouin-Albert-Charles-Léopold-Axel-Marie-Gustave), duc de Brabant, prince de Belgique = hertog van Brabant, prins van België
[5] In German translations (text of the Constitution is official in German from 11 Nov 1991): König der Belgier
Last updated on: 21 Nov 2013 10:11:02