Azerbaijan: Polity Style: 1918-2016

28 May 1918 – 27 Apr 1920 Azərbaycan Xalq Cümhuriyyəti [1][2]
28 Apr 1920 – 5 Dec 1936 Azərbaycan İctimai Şura Cümhuriyyəti [3]
12 Mar 1922 constituent state of the Transcaucasian Confederation
13 Dec 1922 constituent state of the Transcaucasian Federation
30 Dec 1922 Transcaucasian Federation is a founding member of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
5 Dec 1936 constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
5 Dec 1936 - 5 Feb 1991 Azәrbaycan Sovet Sosialist Respublikası = Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика (Azerbajdžanskaja Sovetskaja Socialističeskaja Respublika) [4]
23 Sep 1989 declaration of state sovereignty
5 Feb 1991 - Azәrbaycan Respublikası [5]
30 Aug 1991 declaration of restoration of state independence

[1] Dated by the Independence Act passed by Azərbaycan Milli Şurası (Azerbaijani National Council) in Tiflis (now Tbilisi, Georgia); Azerbaijan remains a notional polity without territorial authority until 16 Jun 1918 when the national government arrived to Elizavetpol (now Ganja, Azerbaijan).
[2] Also in official use: Azərbaycan Cümhuriyyəti; semi-official: Azərbaycan Demokratik Respublikası, Russian: Азербайджанская Демократическая Республика (Azerbajdžanskaja Demokratičeskaja Respublika), Азербайджанская Республика (Azerbajdžanskaja Respublika).
[3] Original polity style Azərbaycan İctimai Şura Cümhuriyyəti was later amended to comply with the Soviet practice of "internationalization" of national vocabulary: Azərbaycan Sosialist Şura Cümhuriyyəti, etc.
[4] Azerbaijani (Azərbaycan) becomes the state language in 1956.
[5] Presidential decree of 29 Nov 1990 introduced Azәrbaycan Respublikası pending the endorsement by legislature.
Last updated on: 26 Jun 2009 02:54:09