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Miklas, Wilhelm

Wilhelm Miklas

b. 15 Oct 1872, Krems an der Donau, Lower Austria [2, p. 1][5]
d. 20 Mar 1956, Vienna [5]

Title: Bundespräsident (Federal President) [see note on style]
Term: 10 Dec 1928 - 9 Oct 1931
Chronology: 5 Dec 1928, elected by the 3rd Bundesversammlung (15:10-20:45 meeting, 20:25 results announced), Vienna [1, p. 1; 2, p. 2]
  5 Dec 1928, sworn in, 3rd Bundesversammlung, Vienna [2, p. 2]
  10 Dec 1928, between 13:00 and 14:00, presidency handover ceremony, Konferenzsaal, Präsidentschaftskanzlei, Ballhausplatz, Vienna [3, pp. 2-3]
  9 Oct 1931, term expired (date fixed by a federal law of 8 Oct 1931) [7, item 303]
Term: 9 Oct 1931 - 13 Mar 1938
Chronology: 9 Oct 1931, elected by the 4th Bundesversammlung (11:20 - 12:10 meeting, 12:00 results announced), the seat of Nationalrat, Vienna [7, p. 4]
  9 Oct 1931, sworn in, 4th Bundesversammlung, the seat of Nationalrat, Vienna [7, p. 4]
  19 Jun 1934, term (1931-1935) fixed to expire when successor is sworn in (swearing-in never took place)
  13 Mar 1938, ceased to exercise the functions of Federal President (Federal Chancellor notified in writing 13 Mar 1938) [4, p. 1] [8, pp. 318-319]
  13 Mar 1938, office of Federal President ceased to exist with incorporation of the Federal State of Austria into the German Reich (federal law of 13 Mar 1938)
Biography:
Studied history and geography in the University of Vienna. Gymnasium director in Horn (1905). Activist of the Christian Social Party (Christlichsoziale Partei). Member of the Reichsrat (1907-1918), Landtag of Lower Austria (1908-1918), State Council for German Austria (1918-1919), Provisional National Assembly (21 Oct 1918 - 16 Feb 1919), Constituent National Assembly (4 Mar 1919 - 9 Nov 1920). Undersecretary for cults (15 Mar 1919 - 20 Nov 1920), member of the Nationalrat (10 Nov 1920 - 6 Dec 1928), president of the Nationalrat (20 Nov 1923 - 6 Dec 1928), Federal President (10 Dec 1928 - 13 Mar 1938). Miklas refused to sign the law on incorporation of Austria into the German Reich (13 Mar 1938) and instead of signing his resignation notified Federal Chancellor Arthur Seyss-Inquart that he ceases to exercise his duties. After 1945 Miklas remained politically inactive.
Elections:

Candidate 1st vote
(5 Dec 1928)
2nd vote
(5 Dec 1928)
3rd vote
(5 Dec 1928)
Wilhelm Miklas
94 94 94
Karl Renner 91 91 -
Johannes Schober 25 26 26
blank/invalid 1 1 91
total votes cast 211 212 211
absolute majority 106 107 n/a
Candidate Vote (9 Oct 1931)
Wilhelm Miklas 109
Karl Renner 93
blank/invalid 1
total votes cast 203
absolute majority 102
Information source: 1928 [1, p. 1], 1931 [7, p. 4].

[1] Wiener Zeitung, Nr. 281, Donnerstag, 6. Dezember 1928.
[2] Wiener Zeitung, Nr. 282, Freitag, 7. Dezember 1928.
[3] Wiener Zeitung, Nr. 284, Dienstag, 11. Dezember 1928.
[4] Wiener Zeitung, Nr. 72, Montag, 14. März 1938.
[5] Österreich-Lexikon (web site).
[6] Bundesgesetzblatt für die Republik Österreich (1931).
[7] Wiener Zeitung, Nr. 228, Samstag, 10. Oktober 1931.
[8] "Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer!: Der Anschluss Österreichs 1938", by Dieter Wagner and Gerhard Tomkowitz (Piper & Co. Verlag, München, 1968).
  Image: photograph, 1919. Wiener Bilder, 9. Dezember 1928. S. 1.

This page was last updated on: 26 Jun 2009 02:53:18

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