Austria: Polity Style: 1804-2016

11 Aug 1804 - 21 Dec 1867 Kaisertum Österreich [1]
21 Dec 1867 - 11 Nov 1918 Die im Reichsrat vertretenen Königreiche und Länder [2]
12 Nov 1918 - 21 Oct 1919 Staat Deutschösterreich [3]
21 Oct 1919 - 1 Jul 1934 Republik Österreich
1 Jul 1934 - 13 Mar 1938 Bundesstaat Österreich
1 May 1945 - Republik Österreich

[1] This term has no Constitutional status before 25 Apr 1848, and has dynastic rather than territorial import - it was deliberately preferred to Kaiserreich. It is intended to encompass all the hereditary possessions of the Haus Österreich, and is so defined in the Constitution of 7 Mar 1849; in the Constitution of 25 Apr 1848 it is similarly used, but excludes the "Hungarian" and "Lombardo-Venetian" possessions.
[2] This polity is informally known from its inception as Österreich; this usage receives official recognition in passing in an Imperial Rescript of 11 Oct 1915. It and A Magyar szent korona országok = Länder der ungarischen heiligen Krone are the two components of the Österreichisch-Ungarische Monarchie = Osztrák-Magyar Monarchia, a term given official sanction 14 Nov 1868.
[3] Also in official use: Republik Deutschösterreich, and Deutschösterreichische Republik.
Last updated on: 26 Jun 2009 02:53:56