Hopetoun, Earl of

John Adrian Louis Hope

b. 25 Sep 1860, South Queensferry, Linlithgow, Scotland
d. 29 Feb 1908, Villa Cecil, Pau, France

Title: Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of the Commonwealth of Australia
Term: 1 Jan 1901 - 9 Jan 1903
Chronology: 29 Oct 1900, appointed by Commission under the Royal Sign Manual and Signet [1]
  1 Jan 1900, took an oath of allegiance and an oath of office as Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of the Commonwealth of Australia, public ceremony, Centennial Park, Sydney [2][3]
  9 Jan 1903, appointment superseded by the Commission of a successor effective on taking the prescribed oaths (9 Jan 1903) [4][5]
Names/titles: Nobility titles (succession): Earl of Hopetoun, Viscount Althrie, Lord Hope, Baron Hopetoun, of Hopetoun in the County of Linlithgow, Baron Niddry, of Niddry Castle in the County of Linlithgow, Baronet of Kirkliston, Nova Scotia [from 2 Apr 1873]; nobility titles (conferred): Marquess of Linlithgow, in the County of Linlithgow or West Lothian [from 27 Oct 1902]
Eldest son of John Alexander Hope, sixth earl of Hopetoun; educated at school in Brighton; aged 12 when his father died and he succeeded to the earldom (1873); attended Eton College (1874-1878), and Royal Military College, Sandhurst, from which he passed out in 1879; did not enter the regular army; gazetted as second lieutenant in the Lanarkshire yeomanry (1880); honorary colonel of the Forth division, Royal Engineers (volunteers) submarine miners and brigadier-general of the Royal Company of Archers; travelled in Turkey and Egypt in 1881 and in America in 1882; served as deputy lieutenant of the counties of Linlithgow, Lanark, Haddington, and Dumfries; became junior Conservative whip in the House of Lords (1883) and was a lord-in-waiting to the queen (1885-1886, 1886-1889); appointed lord high commissioner to the general assembly of the Church of Scotland (1887–1889); served as governor of the colony of Victoria (1889-1895); joined the cabinet of Lord Salisbury as paymaster-general (1895-1899); sworn in as a member of the UK Privy Council (16 Jul 1895); declined the governor-generalship of Canada in 1898 and was lord chamberlain to Queen Victoria (1898-1900); selected as first governor-general of the newly federated Commonwealth of Australia (1901-1903); briefly served as secretary for Scotland (1905); withdrew from public life; deputy governor of the Bank of Scotland (1904-1908); stood as Unionist candidate for the rectorship of Glasgow University but lost to H. H. Asquith (1905).
Biographical sources: "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography" (Oxford University Press, 2004); The Times, No. 38,583, 2 Mar 1908, p. 8 (obituary).

[1] Government Gazette, No. 1, 1 Jan 1901, p. 3.
[2] Government Gazette, No. 1, 1 Jan 1901, p. 2.
[3] Sydney Morning Herald, No. 19,957, Second edition, 2 Jan 1901, p. 11.
[4] The Argus, No. 17, 627, 10 Jan 1903, p. 13.
[5] After the Earl of Hopetoun permanently left Australia, his functions were taken over by Baron Tennyson as Acting Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of the Commonwealth of Australia (17 Jul 1902 - 9 Jan 1903) who continued in office until his installation as Governor-General.
Last updated on: 20 Feb 2017 21:40:55