Andorra: Co-Rulers (Urgell): 1278-1812

Originally, the bishops of Urgell exercised their authority as co-seigneurs of Andorra under their ecclesiastical title (Miseratione divina episcopus Urgellensis; Dei gratia Urgellensis episcopus, etc.). Since the earliest known attempt to assert their claim for princely title (1663), the bishops have been claiming sovereign authority over Andorra, defying the authority of the kings of France as co-seigneurs.
The beginning of each bishop's term corresponds to the date of appointment as Bishop of Urgell by the Holy See as found in Hierarchia Catholica and/or Acta Apostolicae Sedis; the closing date is defined either by the instrument of transfer of the incumbent to another see, or by his death or his resignation, confirmed by the same sources.
8 Sep 1278 - 12 Jan 1293 Pere d'Urtx i de Mataplana
19 Dec 1295 - 3 Nov 1308 Guillem de Montcada i de Narbona
29 Jul 1309 - 12 May 1326 Ramon Trebaylla
27 Jun 1326 - 3 Oct 1341 Arnau Guillem de Llordà
17 Dec 1341 - ? ? 1344 Pere de Narbona i d'Illa-Jorda
13 Jun 1348 - 17 Dec 1350 Nicola Capocci dei Monti
25 Oct 1351 - 20 Feb 1361 Hugó Desbach
12 Jan 1362 - 29 Jun 1364 Guillem Arnau i de Patau
10 Feb 1365 - ? ? 1370 Pere de Luna [1]
20 Sep 1370 - 3 May 1387 Berenguer d'Erill i de Pallars Sobirà
11 Mar 1388 - 15 Apr 1415 Galcerand de Vilanova
15 Nov 1416 - 14 Apr 1436 Francesc de Toviá
19 Jul 1437 - 16 Aug 1461 Arnau Roger de Pallars i d'Orcau [2]
23 Sep 1461 - 1 Dec 1466 Jaume Francesc Folc de Cardona i d'Aragó [3]
27 Nov 1467 - 11 Dec 1472 Roderic de Borja i Escrivà Fenollet i Próixita
11 Dec 1472 - 8 Jan 1515 Pere Folc de Cardona
18 Apr 1515 - 24 Oct 1530 Joan d'Espés i Sescomes
15 May 1532 - 10 Jan 1533 Pere Jordan d'Urries
8 Jun 1534 - 26 Oct 1551 Francesc d'Urries
26 Oct 1551 - 22 Oct 1552 Joan Punyet, bisbe de Cirene [4]
22 Oct 1552 - 13 Apr 1556 Miquel Despuig i Vacarte
24 Apr 1556 - 23 Sep 1560 Joan Pérez García de Oliván
8 Aug 1561 - 1 Feb 1571 Pere de Castellet i d'Icart
9 Jun 1572 - 4 Jul 1576 Joan Dimes Lloris
21 Feb 1578 - 23 Aug 1579 Miquel Jeroni Morell
9 May 1580 - 8 Dec 1586 Hugó de Montcada i Cardona Tolca i Manrique de Lara [5]
29 Jan 1588 - 22 Sep 1609 Andreu Capella
26 May 1610 - 24 Feb 1620 Bernat de Salbà i de Salbà
8 Aug 1622 - 3 Jan 1627 Luís Díes Aux de Armendáriz i Saavedra
17 May 1627 - 21 Feb 1633 Antoni Pérez [6]
9 Jan 1634 - 12 (or 18) Feb 1651 Joan Pau Duran
25 Oct 1655 - 2 Mar 1663 Joan Manuel de Espinosa [7]
Supremus Vallium Andorrae Princeps = Príncipe Soberano de los Valles de Andorra = Príncep Sobirà de les Valls d'Andorra [8]
2 Mar 1663 - 26 Nov 1663 Joan Manuel de Espinosa (x)
23 Jun 1664 - 29 Apr 1670 Melcior de Palau i Boscà
22 Dec 1670 - 16 Mar 1681 Pere de Copons i de Teixidor
16 Feb 1682 - 16 Aug 1688 Joan Baptista Desbach i Martorell
23 May 1689 - 19 Oct 1694 Oleguer de Montserrat i Rufet
4 Jul 1695 - 17 Jan 1714 Francesc Julià Cano i Thebar
17 Sep 1714 - 27 Aug 1737 Simeó de Guinda y Apéztegui
5 May 1738 - 12 May 1747 Jordi Curado y Torreblanca Méndez de Sotomayor
15 May 1747 - 2 Oct 1756 Sebastià Josep de Victoria de Emparán y de Loyola
28 Mar 1757 - 8 Sep 1762 Francesc Josep Catalán de Ocón
21 Mar 1763 - 22 Apr 1771 Francesc Fernández de Xátiva y Contreras
11 Nov 1771 - 1 Mar 1779 Joaquín de Santiyán y Valdivielso
18 Sep 1780 - 23 May 1783 Joan de García y Montenegro
14 Feb 1785 - 8 Dec 1795 Josep de Boltas i Vélez
24 Jul 1797 - 26 Jan 1812 Francesc Antoni de la Dueña y Cisneros [9]

[1] Not to be confused with his contemporary Pedro Martínez de Luna y Pérez de Gotor, later (anti)pope Benedictus XIII.
[2] ? ? ? - 14 Dec 1457 Miquel d'Épila (in dispute over the See)
[3] From 18 Dec 1461 Cardenal de la Santa Romana Església (did not receive title or red hat).
[4] Administrador apostòlic d'Urgell.
[5] In religion: Ambrós de Montcada
[6] Original name: Antoni Maxó i Pérez; patronym Maxó deliberately dropped.
[7] Original name: Juan de Espinosa y Manuel de Medina
[8] Dated by the first known instance of the use of princely style in an ordinance promulgated 2 Mar 1663; the style is cited as used by the bishop Guinda y Apéztegui [Rituale, 1727] and is normally used as part of the formula (Spanish): Por la gracia de Dios y de la Santa Sede Apostólica obispo de Urgel, Príncipe Soberano de los Valles de Andorra.
[9] The term as co-ruler is presumed to have ended upon the incorporation of Andorra into Catalonia 26 Jan 1812.
Last updated on: 24 Dec 2013 10:10:24