Algeria: Heads of State: 1962-2019

Raʼīs al-Hayʼa al-Tanfīdhiyya al-Muwaqqata al-Jazāʼiriyya (رئيس الهيئة التنفيذية المؤقتة الجزائرية) = Président de l'Exécutif Provisoire Algérien | President of the Algerian Provisional Executive
7 Apr 1962 - 3 Jul 1962 ʻAbd al-Raḥmān Fāris (عبدالرحمن فارس)
Raʼīs al-Hayʼa al-Tanfīdhiyya al-Muwaqqata al-Dawla al-Jazāʼiriyya (رئيس الهيئة التنفيذية المؤقتة الدولة الجزائرية) = Président de l'Exécutif Provisoire de l'État Algérien | President of the Provisional Executive of the Algerian State
3 Jul 1962 - 25 Sep 1962 ʻAbd al-Raḥmān Fāris (عبدالرحمن فارس) ‎(x)
Raʼīs al-Majlis al-Waṭanī al-Taʼsīsī (رئيس المجلس الوطني التأسيسي) = Président de l'Assemblée Nationale Constituante | President of the Constituent National Assembly
25 Sep 1962 - 27 Sep 1962 Farḥāt ʻAbbās (فرحات عباس)
Raʼīs al-Ḥukūma (رئيس الحكومة) = Chef du Gouvernement | President of the Government
27 Sep 1962 - 17 Sep 1963 Muḥammad Aḥmad Bin Billa (محمد أحمد بن بلة) ‎[1]
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic [2]
17 Sep 1963 - 19 Jun 1965 Muḥammad Aḥmad Bin Billa (محمد أحمد بن بلة) ‎(x)
Raʼīs Majlis al-Thawra (رئيس مجلس الثورة) | President of the Council of Revolution ‎[3]
19 Jun 1965 - 12 Dec 1976 Hawwarī Bū Madyan (هواري بومدين) ‎[4]
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic [5]
12 Dec 1976 - 27 Dec 1978 Hawwarī Bū Madyan (هواري بومدين) ‎(x)
Raʼīs al-Dawla (رئيس الدولة) | Head of State
27 Dec 1978 - 9 Feb 1979 Rābaḥ Bīṭāṭ (رابح بيطاط)
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic
9 Feb 1979 - 11 Jan 1992 al-Shādhilī Bin Jadīd (الشاذلي بن جديد) ‎[6]
11 Jan 1992 - 14 Jan 1992 office vacant [7]
al-Majlis al-Aʻlā lil-Dawla (المجلس الأعلى للدولة) | Supreme Council of State
members:
14 Jan 1992 - 29 Jun 1992 Muḥammad Bū Ḍiyyāf (محمد بوضياف)
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Khālid Nazzār (خالد نزّار)
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 ʻAlī Ḥusayn Kāfī (علي حسين كافي)
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Muḥammad ʻAlī Hārūn (محمد علي هارون)
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Tījīnī Haddam (تجاني هدام)
2 Jul 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Riḍā Mālik (رضا مالك)
president (Raʼīs al-Majlis al-Aʻlā lil-Dawla, رئيس المجلس الأعلى للدولة):
14 Jan 1992 - 29 Jun 1992 Muḥammad Bū Ḍiyyāf (محمد بوضياف)
29 Jun 1992 - 2 Jul 1992 office vacant
2 Jul 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 ʻAlī Ḥusayn Kāfī (علي حسين كافي)
Raʼīs al-Dawla (رئيس الدولة) | Head of State
31 Jan 1994 - 27 Nov 1995 al-Yamīn Zirwāl (اليمين زروال)
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic
27 Nov 1995 - 27 Apr 1999 al-Yamīn Zirwāl (اليمين زروال‎‎) ‎(x)
27 Apr 1999 - 3 Apr 2019 ʻAbd al-ʻAzīz Aḥmad Bū Taflīqa (عبد العزيز بوتفليقة)
3 Apr 2019 - 9 Apr 2019 office vacant [8]
Raʼīs al-Dawla (رئيس الدولة) | Head of State
9 Apr 2019 - ʻAbd al-Qādir Bin Ṣāliḥ (عبد القـادر بن صالح)

[1] From 10 Sep 1963 pending the installation of a President of the Republic.
[2] Although it was a Constitutional requirement to take an oath before entering the office (Art. 40 of the Constitution of 1963), Bin Bella began to exercise the functions of office immediately upon the proclamation of election results by electoral committee (17 Sep 1963) and was sworn in 20 Sep 1963.
[3] From 10 Jul 1965, the powers of the Council of Revolution were delegated to the government whose president (Hawwarī Bū Madyan) promulgated legislative acts as Raʼīs al-Ḥukūma, Raʼīs Majlis al-Wuzarāʼ (President of the Government, President of the Council of Ministers).
[4] Nom de guerre of Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Bū Kharrūba (محمد إبراهيم بوخروبة).
[5] Also continued in office as President of the Council of Revolution.
[6] al-Shādhilī is a nom de guerre.
[7] After the resignation of al-Shādhilī Bin Jadīd (submitted 11 Jan 1992), the Constitutional Council (al-Majlis al-Dustūrī, المجلس الدستوري) passed a declaration confirming the existence of conditions not covered in the Constitution and empowering the institutions mentioned in Art. 24, 75, 79, 129, 130 and 153 of the Constitution "to ensure the continuity of the state" (People's National Army, Head of Government, judiciary, and Constitutional Council).
[8] The vacancy in the office was confirmed by a decision of the Constitutional Council of 3 Apr 2019. In accordance with the Constitution, the functions of President of the Republic devolved on ʻAbd al-Qādir Bin Ṣāliḥ as President of the Council of Nation (Raʼīs al-Majlis al-Umma, رئيس المجلس الأمة). However, the Council of Nation and People's Assembly chose to vote the acceptance of the report of the Constitutional Council at the joint session on 9 Apr 2019 and approved ʻAbd al-Qādir Bin Ṣāliḥ as provisional head of state.
Last updated on: 13 Jul 2019 06:50:43