Algeria: Heads of State: 1962-2016

Ra’īs al-Tanfīdhiyya al-Muwaqqata al-Jazā’iriyya = Président de l'Exécutif Provisoire Algérien
7 Apr 1962 - 3 Jul 1962 ‘Abd al-Raḥmān Fāris
Ra’īs al-Tanfīdhiyya al-Muwaqqata al-Dawla al-Jazā’iriyya = Président de l'Exécutif Provisoire de l'État Algérien
3 Jul 1962 - 25 Sep 1962 ‘Abd al-Raḥmān Fāris (x)
Ra’īs al-Majlis al-Waṭanī al-Dustūrī = Président de l'Assemblée Nationale Constituante
25 Sep 1962 - 27 Sep 1962 Farḥāt Makkī bin Sa‘īd ‘Abbās
Ra’īs al-Ḥukūma = Chef du Gouvernement
27 Sep 1962 - 17 Sep 1963 Muḥammad Aḥmad Bin Billa [1]
Ra’īs al-Jumhūriyya [2]
17 Sep 1963 - 19 Jun 1965 Muḥammad Aḥmad Bin Billa (x)
Ra’īs al-Majlis al-Thawra [3]
19 Jun 1965 - 12 Dec 1976 Hawwarī Bū Midyan [4]
Ra’īs al-Jumhūriyya [5]
12 Dec 1976 - 27 Dec 1978 Hawwarī Bū Midyan (x)
Ra’īs al-Dawla
27 Dec 1978 - 9 Feb 1979 Rābaḥ Bīṭāṭ
Ra’īs al-Jumhūriyya
9 Feb 1979 - 11 Jan 1992 al-Shādhilī Bin Jadīd [6]
11 Jan 1992 - 14 Jan 1992 office vacant [7]
al-Majlis al-A‘lā al-Dawla [8]
14 Jan 1992 - 29 Jun 1992 Muḥammad Bū Ḍiyyāf
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Khālid Raḥal Nazzār
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 ‘Alī Ḥusayn Kāfī
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Muḥammad ‘Alī Hārūn
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Tījīnī Haddam
2 Jul 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Riḍā Mālik
Ra’īs al-Dawla
31 Jan 1994 - 27 Nov 1995 al-Yamīn Zirwāl
Ra’īs al-Jumhūriyya
27 Nov 1995 - 27 Ap 1999 al-Yamīn Zirwāl (x)
27 Apr 1999 - ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Aḥmad Bū Taflīqa

[1] From 10 Sep 1963 pending the installation of a Ra’īs al-Jumhūriyya.
[2] Although it was a Constitutional requirement to take an oath before entering the office (Art. 40 of the Constitution of 1963), Bin Bella began to exercise the functions of office immediately upon the proclamation of election results by electoral committee (17 Sep 1963) and was sworn in 20 Sep 1963.
[3] From 10 Jul 1965, the powers of Majlis al-Thawra (Conseil de la Révolution) are delegated to the government whose president (Hawwarī Bū Midyan) promulgates legislative acts as Ra’īs al-Ḥukūma, Ra’īs Majlis al-Wuzarā’.
[4] Nom de guerre of Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Bū Kharrūba.
[5] Also continues in office as Ra’īs al-Majlis al-Thawra.
[6] al-Shādhilī is a nom de guerre.
[7] After the resignation of al-Shādhilī Bin Jadīd (submitted 11 Jan 1992), the Constitutional Council (Majlis al-Dustūrī) passes a declaration confirming the existence of conditions not covered in the Constitution and empowering the institutions mentioned in Art. 24, 75, 79, 129, 130 and 153 of the Constitution "to ensure the continuity of the state" (People's National Army, Head of Government, judiciary, and Constitutional Council).
[8] Appointed to exercise the functions of Ra’īs al-Jumhūriyya collectively under the chairmanship of:
  Ra’īs al-Majlis al-A‘lā al-Dawla
  14 Jan 1992 - 29 Jun 1992 Muḥammad Bū Ḍiyyāf (x)
  29 Jun 1992 - 2 Jul 1992 office vacant
  2 Jul 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 ‘Alī Ḥusayn Kāfī (x)
Last updated on: 19 Dec 2010 02:18:28