Algeria: Heads of State: 1962-2017

Raʼīs al-Hayyʼa al-Tanfīdhiyya al-Muwaqqata al-Jazāʼiriyya (رئيس الهيئة التنفيذية المؤقتة الجزائرية) = Président de l'Exécutif Provisoire Algérien | President of the Algerian Provisional Executive
7 Apr 1962 - 3 Jul 1962 ʽAbd al-Raḥmān Fāris (عبدالرحمن فارس)
Raʼīs al-Hayyʼa al-Tanfīdhiyya al-Muwaqqata al-Dawla al-Jazāʼiriyya (رئيس الهيئة التنفيذية المؤقتة الدولة الجزائرية) = Président de l'Exécutif Provisoire de l'État Algérien | President of the Provisional Executive of the Algerian State
3 Jul 1962 - 25 Sep 1962 ʽAbd al-Raḥmān Fāris (عبدالرحمن فارس) ‎(x)
Raʼīs al-Majlis al-Waṭanī al-Taʼsīsī (رئيس المجلس الوطني التأسيسي) = Président de l'Assemblée Nationale Constituante | President of the Constituent National Assembly
25 Sep 1962 - 27 Sep 1962 Farḥāt ʽAbbās (فرحات عباس)
Raʼīs al-Ḥukūma (رئيس الحكومة) = Chef du Gouvernement | President of the Government
27 Sep 1962 - 17 Sep 1963 Muḥammad Aḥmad Bin Billa (محمد أحمد بن بلة) ‎[1]
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic [2]
17 Sep 1963 - 19 Jun 1965 Muḥammad Aḥmad Bin Billa (محمد أحمد بن بلة) ‎(x)
Raʼīs Majlis al-Thawra (رئيس مجلس الثورة) | President of the Council of Revolution ‎[3]
19 Jun 1965 - 12 Dec 1976 Hawwarī Bū Madyan (هواري بومدين) ‎[4]
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic [5]
12 Dec 1976 - 27 Dec 1978 Hawwarī Bū Madyan (هواري بومدين) ‎(x)
Raʼīs al-Dawla (رئيس الدولة) | State President
27 Dec 1978 - 9 Feb 1979 Rābaḥ Bīṭāṭ (رابح بيطاط‎‎‎)
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic
9 Feb 1979 - 11 Jan 1992 al-Shādhilī Bin Jadīd (الشاذلي بن جديد) ‎[6]
11 Jan 1992 - 14 Jan 1992 office vacant [7]
al-Majlis al-Aʽlá li-l-Dawla (المجلس الأعلى للدولة) | Supreme Council of State
members:
14 Jan 1992 - 29 Jun 1992 Muḥammad Bū Ḍiyyāf (محمد بوضياف‎‎‎)
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Khālid Nazzār (خالد نزّار)
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 ʽAlī Ḥusayn Kāfī (علي حسين كافي‎‎‎)
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Muḥammad ʽAlī Hārūn (محمد علي هارون)
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Tījīnī Haddam (تجاني هدام)
2 Jul 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Riḍā Mālik (رضا مالك‎‎)
president (Raʼīs al-Majlis al-Aʽlá li-l-Dawla, رئيس المجلس الأعلى للدولة):
14 Jan 1992 - 29 Jun 1992 Muḥammad Bū Ḍiyyāf (محمد بوضياف‎‎‎)
29 Jun 1992 - 2 Jul 1992 office vacant
2 Jul 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 ʽAlī Ḥusayn Kāfī (علي حسين كافي‎‎‎)
Raʼīs al-Dawla (رئيس الدولة) | State President
31 Jan 1994 - 27 Nov 1995 al-Yamīn Zirwāl (اليمين زروال‎‎)
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic
27 Nov 1995 - 27 Ap 1999 al-Yamīn Zirwāl (اليمين زروال‎‎) ‎(x)
27 Apr 1999 - ʽAbd al-ʽAzīz Aḥmad Bū Taflīqa (عبد العزيز بوتفليقة)

[1] From 10 Sep 1963 pending the installation of a President of the Republic.
[2] Although it was a Constitutional requirement to take an oath before entering the office (Art. 40 of the Constitution of 1963), Bin Bella began to exercise the functions of office immediately upon the proclamation of election results by electoral committee (17 Sep 1963) and was sworn in 20 Sep 1963.
[3] From 10 Jul 1965, the powers of the Council of Revolution were delegated to the government whose president (Hawwarī Bū Madyan) promulgated legislative acts as Raʼīs al-Ḥukūma, Raʼīs Majlis al-Wuzarāʼ (President of the Government, President of the Council of Ministers).
[4] Nom de guerre of Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Bū Kharrūba (محمد إبراهيم بوخروبة).
[5] Also continued in office as President of the Council of Revolution.
[6] al-Shādhilī is a nom de guerre.
[7] After the resignation of al-Shādhilī Bin Jadīd (submitted 11 Jan 1992), the Constitutional Council (Majlis al-Dustūrī) passed a declaration confirming the existence of conditions not covered in the Constitution and empowering the institutions mentioned in Art. 24, 75, 79, 129, 130 and 153 of the Constitution "to ensure the continuity of the state" (People's National Army, Head of Government, judiciary, and Constitutional Council).
Last updated on: 15 Jul 2017 10:36:42