Algeria: Heads of State: 1962-2017

Raʼīs al-Tanfīdhiyya al-Muwaqqata al-Jazāʼiriyya = Président de l'Exécutif Provisoire Algérien | President of the Algerian Provisional Executive
7 Apr 1962 - 3 Jul 1962 ʽAbd al-Raḥmān Fāris
Raʼīs al-Tanfīdhiyya al-Muwaqqata al-Dawla al-Jazāʼiriyya = Président de l'Exécutif Provisoire de l'État Algérien | President of the Provisional Executive of the Algerian State
3 Jul 1962 - 25 Sep 1962 ʽAbd al-Raḥmān Fāris (x)
Raʼīs al-Majlis al-Waṭanī al-Dustūrī = Président de l'Assemblée Nationale Constituante | President of the Constituent National Assembly
25 Sep 1962 - 27 Sep 1962 Farḥāt Makkī bin Saʽīd ʽAbbās
Raʼīs al-Ḥukūma = Chef du Gouvernement | President of the Government
27 Sep 1962 - 17 Sep 1963 Muḥammad Aḥmad Bin Billa [1]
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya | President of the Republic [2]
17 Sep 1963 - 19 Jun 1965 Muḥammad Aḥmad Bin Billa (x)
Raʼīs al-Majlis al-Thawra | President of the Council of Revolution [3]
19 Jun 1965 - 12 Dec 1976 Hawwarī Bū Midyan [4]
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya | President of the Republic [5]
12 Dec 1976 - 27 Dec 1978 Hawwarī Bū Midyan (x)
Raʼīs al-Dawla | State President
27 Dec 1978 - 9 Feb 1979 Rābaḥ Bīṭāṭ
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya | President of the Republic
9 Feb 1979 - 11 Jan 1992 al-Shādhilī Bin Jadīd [6]
11 Jan 1992 - 14 Jan 1992 office vacant [7]
al-Majlis al-Aʽlā al-Dawla | High Council of State
members:
14 Jan 1992 - 29 Jun 1992 Muḥammad Bū Ḍiyyāf
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Khālid Raḥal Nazzār
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 ʽAlī Ḥusayn Kāfī
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Muḥammad ʽAlī Hārūn
14 Jan 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Tījīnī Haddam
2 Jul 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 Riḍā Mālik
president (Raʼīs al-Majlis al-Aʽlā al-Dawla):
14 Jan 1992 - 29 Jun 1992 Muḥammad Bū Ḍiyyāf
29 Jun 1992 - 2 Jul 1992 office vacant
2 Jul 1992 - 31 Jan 1994 ʽAlī Ḥusayn Kāfī
Raʼīs al-Dawla | State President
31 Jan 1994 - 27 Nov 1995 al-Yamīn Zirwāl
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya | President of the Republic
27 Nov 1995 - 27 Ap 1999 al-Yamīn Zirwāl (x)
27 Apr 1999 - ʽAbd al-ʽAzīz Aḥmad Bū Taflīqa

[1] From 10 Sep 1963 pending the installation of a President of the Republic.
[2] Although it was a Constitutional requirement to take an oath before entering the office (Art. 40 of the Constitution of 1963), Bin Bella began to exercise the functions of office immediately upon the proclamation of election results by electoral committee (17 Sep 1963) and was sworn in 20 Sep 1963.
[3] From 10 Jul 1965, the powers of the Council of Revolution were delegated to the government whose president (Hawwarī Bū Midyan) promulgates legislative acts as Raʼīs al-Ḥukūma, Raʼīs Majlis al-Wuzarāʼ (President of the Government, President of the Council of Ministers).
[4] Nom de guerre of Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Bū Kharrūba.
[5] Also continues in office as President of the Council of Revolution.
[6] al-Shādhilī is a nom de guerre.
[7] After the resignation of al-Shādhilī Bin Jadīd (submitted 11 Jan 1992), the Constitutional Council (Majlis al-Dustūrī) passed a declaration confirming the existence of conditions not covered in the Constitution and empowering the institutions mentioned in Art. 24, 75, 79, 129, 130 and 153 of the Constitution "to ensure the continuity of the state" (People's National Army, Head of Government, judiciary, and Constitutional Council).
Last updated on: 10 Jun 2017 10:20:16