Afghanistan: Heads of State: 1978-1992

Shūrā-i Niẓāmī-i Inqilāb-i Quwayy-i Masallaḥ Millī-i Afghānistān = ?
27 Apr 1978 - 30 Apr 1978 presidency [1]
Ra’īs-i Shūrā-i Inqilābī-i Jamhūrī-i Dimūkrātīk-i Afghānistān = De Afghānistān de Dimūkrātīk Jamhūriyyat de Inqilābī Shūrā Ra’īs [2]
30 Apr 1978 - 16 Sep 1979 Nūr Muḥammad Tarakī
16 Sep 1979 - 27 Dec 1979 Ḥafīẓ Allāh Amīn
27 Dec 1979 - 20 Nov 1986 Babrak Kārmāl [3]
Sarparast-i Shūrā-i Inqilāb-i Jamhūrī-i Dimūkrātīk-i Afghānistān = De Afghānistān Dimūkrātīk Jamhūriyyat de Inqilābī Shūrā Sarparast [4]
23 Nov 1986 - 30 Sep 1987 Muḥammad Khān Chamkanī
Ra’īs-i Shūrā-i Inqilābī-i Jamhūrī-i Dimūkrātīk-i Afghānistān = De Afghānistān de Dimūkrātīk Jamhūriyyat de Inqilābī Shūrā Ra’īs [2]
30 Sep 1987 - 30 Nov 1987 Muḥammad Najīb Allāh Aḥmadzay
Ra’īs-i Jamhūrī-i Afghānistān = De Afghānistān Jamhūr Ra’īs
30 Nov 1987 - 16 Apr 1992 Muḥammad Najīb Allāh Aḥmadzay (x) [5]
Mu‘āwin-i Ra’īs-i Jamhūrī-i Afghānistān = ?
19 Apr 1992 - 28 Apr 1992 ‘Abd al-Raḥīm Hātif

[1] Ostensibly headed by ‘Abd al-Qādir Dagarwal, although the proclamations of this body in the Official Gazette omitted any references to the members.
[2] From 21 Apr 1980, the effective date of the Constitution, this official holds, ex officio, the office of Chairman of the Presidium of the Revolutionary Council of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (Ṣadr-i Hay’at-i Ra’īsa-i Shūrā-i Inqilāb-i Jamhūrī-i Dimūkrātīk-i Afghānistān = De Afghānistān Dimūkrātīk Jamhūriyyat de Inqilābī Shūrā de Ra’īsa Hay’at Ṣadr) and uses this style in promulgating legislation between sessions of the Shūrā-i Inqilāb.
[3] Given name: Babrak; pseudonym: Karmal.
[4] Also holds the office of Lieutenant-Chairman of the Presidium of the Revolutionary Council of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (Sarparast-i Maqām-i Ṣadr-i Hay’at-i Ra’īsa-i Shūrā-i Inqilāb-i Jamhūrī-i Dimūkrātīk-i Afghānistān = De Afghānistān Dimūkrātīk Jamhūriyyat de Inqilābī Shūrā de Ra’īsa Hay’at de Ṣadr de Maqām Sarparast) and uses this style in promulgating legislation between sessions of the Revolutionary Council.
[5] Exercised the functions of office until 16 Apr 1992 when he took refuge in the United Nations mission in Kabul; after a hiatus, ‘Abd al-Raḥīm Hātif assumed the position of provisional head of state, nominally acting for the absent Ra’īs-i Jamhūrī-i Afghānistān = De Afghānistān Jamhūr Ra’īs.
Last updated on: 24 Oct 2010 01:45:43