Afghanistan: Rulers: 1843-1879 - Archontology.org

Afghanistan: Rulers: 1843-1879

Ruling House: Durrānī - Muḥammadzāʾī (درانی - محمدزائی)
Amīr (امیر) [1]
Apr/May 1843 - 9 Jun 1863 Dūst Muḥammad Khān (دوست محمد خان) [2]
12 Jun 1863 - 21 Feb 1879 Shīr ʿAlī Khān (شیر/شېر علی خان) [3]
25 May 1866 - 4 Oct 1867 Muḥammad Afz̤al Khān (محمد افضل خان) [4]
11 Oct 1867 - Oct 1868 Muḥammad Aʿẓam Khān (محمد اعظم خان) [5]
28 Feb 1879 - 28 Oct 1879 Muḥammad Yaʿqūb Khān (محمد یعقوب خان) [6]

[1] tbd
[2] After a period of exile forced by the government of British India, Dūst Muḥammad Khān returned to Afghanistan in the spring of 1843. According to newspaper reports published in Indian press, he reached Jalalabad c. 19 Apr 1843 and then proceeded to Kabul where he was re-installed either in late April or May 1843.
[3] Publicly proclaimed ruler in Herat on 12 Jun 1863 and entered Kabul in Sep 1863. While on a military campaign, he lost Kabul which was occupied by the revolting regional army of Turkistan in Mar 1866. Shīr ʿAlī Khān retained control over Kandahar (except for 1867-1868) and Herat, eventually re-capturing Kabul on 8 Sep 1868. Before Kabul was occupied by the invading British army, Shīr ʿAlī Khān fled from the capital (13 Dec 1878) and moved to Mazar-i Sharif where he died on 21 Feb 1879.
[4] Publicly proclaimed ruler in Kabul on 25 May 1866, extending the territory under his control to Kandahar in Jan 1867.
[5] Publicly proclaimed ruler in Kabul on 11 Oct 1867. While on a military campaign in Ghazni, he lost control of Kabul (21 Aug 1868) and was forced to flee from the territory of Afghanistan (Oct 1868).
[6] Succeeded Shīr ʿAlī Khān in Kabul. The intention of Muḥammad Yaʿqūb Khān to abdicate was made known to the British military authority on 12 Oct 1879 and was publicly proclaimed in Kabul by the British on 28 Oct 1879.
Last updated on: 17 Jan 2022 19:55:46