Afghanistan: Rulers: 1747-1843 - Archontology.org

Afghanistan: Rulers: 1747-1843

Ruling House: Durrānī (درانی)
Pādshāh (پادشاه) [1]
Jul 1747 - 4 Jun 1772 Aḥmad Shāh (احمد شاه) [2]
  honorific title: Durr-i Durrān (در دران)
5 Jun 1772 - Aug 1772 Sulaymān Shāh (سلیمان شاه) [3]
Aug 1772 - 19 May 1793 Tīmūr Shāh (تیمور شاه) [4]
24? May 1793 - 24 Jul 1801 Zamān Shāh (زمان شاه) [4][5]
24 Jul 1801 - Jul 1803 Maḥmūd Shāh (محمود شاه) [6]
13 Jul 1803 - 1809 Shujā‘ al-Mulk Shāh (شجاع الملك شاه) [7]
1809 - 1828 or 1829 Maḥmūd Shāh (محمود شاه) (x) [8][9]
1818 - 1818 Sulṭān ‘Alī Shāh (سلطان علی شاه) [10]
1818 - 1822 or 1823 Ayyūb Shāh (ایوب شاه) [11]
1828 or 1829 - 1842 Kāmrān Shāh (کامران شاه) [12]
8 May 1839 - 6 Apr 1842 Shujā‘ al-Mulk Shāh (شجاع الملك شاه) (x)[13]
Apr 1842 - 12 Oct 1842 Fatḥ Jang Shāh (فتح جنگ شاه)
12 Oct 1842 - Apr 1843 Shahpūr Shāh (شهپور شاه)

[1] tbd
[2] Aḥmad Shāh assumed leadership over his tribe (Abdālī, later renamed to Durrānī) and was installed during the ceremony held in Kandahar possibly in mid-July 1747. According to the contemporary court chronicle, Tārīkh-i Ahmad-Shāhī, he died on 4 Jun 1772/1186.03.02. Alternative dates include 16 Oct 1772/1186.07.20 (Tārīkh-i Sulṭānī) and others.
[3] Proclaimed ruler at Kandahar on 5 Jun 1772/1186.03.03 (Tārīkh-i Ahmad-Shāhī). Alternative date: 24 Jun 1772/1186.03.23 (Fūfalzāʼī).
[4] Tīmūr Shāh died on 19 May 1793/1207.10.07 in Kabul (Tārīkh-i Sulṭānī) and was succeeded by Shāh Zamān who was crowned on or before 24 May 1793/1207.10.13.
[5] Dissident rulers: Humāyūn Shāh (همایون شاه) (May 1793 - Sep/Oct 1793, Sep/Oct 1794 - 6 or 7 Jan 1795, in Kandahar), Maḥmūd Shāh (محمود شاه) (Jan? 1797 - Sep/Oct 1797, in Herat).
[6] Dissident ruler: Shujā‘ al-Mulk Shāh (شجاع الملك شاه) (Aug 1801 - Sep 1801, in Peshawar).
[7] Dissident ruler: Qayṣar Shāh (قیصر شاه) ‎ (1803 - 1804, in Kandahar; 1807 - 1808, in Kabul and Kashmir)
[8] Proclaimed ruler at Kandahar, and in Kabul shortly after. Since 1818 the territory governed by Maḥmūd Shāh was mostly reduced to Herat. He died possibly in 1828 or 1829 and was succeeded by Kāmrān Shāh. An alternative account placed his removal from power in Jul 1826.
[9] Dissident ruler: Shujā‘ al-Mulk Shāh (شجاع الملك شاه) (1812 - 1813, in Peshawar and Kashmir; 1818, in Peshawar).
[10] Proclaimed and briefly ruled in Kabul in 1818.
[11] Proclaimed ruler at Peshawar. Fled to Panjab in 1822 or 1823, but the coins continued to be issued in his name to 1829 (at least).
[12] Ruled in Herat.
[13] Entered Kandahar on 25 Apr 1839 and was (re-)installed as ruler during the ceremony held on 8 May 1839 outside the walls of Kandahar; entered Kabul on 7 Aug 1839.
Last updated on: 28 Nov 2021 11:41:03